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雅思阅读List of Heading题目详解

  雅思浏览List of Headings问题详解

  List of Headings类问题是剑桥雅思一切题型中独一一个考核文章宗旨的问题,和咱们小学所做的中央头脑问题异常像,也便是需求咱们给指定段中选出适宜的段意。起首此类问题咱们要注重它的地位。雅思一切题型中,List of Headings是独一一个涌现正在注释前的题型,剩下一切问题皆涌现正在文章前面。以是碰到此类问题,要先注重没有要看错文章。其主要注重做LOH问题的递次,那类问题固然起首涌现,但要放到对照后做,由于当咱们把剩下的细节题皆实现后会对文章有一个大体的相识,再做粗心题便会绝对简朴一些。此类问题正在解题最先前,要先将问题给出的例子划失落,而且将例子地点段降停止符号,预防做题过程当中没必要要的反复。而后将一切Headings停止通读并划出症结词。下一步便是段降宗旨句的寻觅,此时特别要注重段降的尾句,第两句和对照后一句。对照后将主题句和给出的Headings停止对应,但肯定要注重,主题句总的症结词正在Heading中必需是调换后的同义词,若只是症结词重现的Heading反而每每是令人殽杂的毛病谜底。上面咱们以剑六Test 2 Passage 1的List of Headings问题为例详细剖析一下此类问题的解题要领。

  A段尾句“The more democratic the process, the more public transport is favored.”许多学生会发明那个句子看没有懂,咱们继承今后会看到”He considers Portland, Oregon, a perfect example of this.”最先涌现了例子,例子的涌现象征着对扫尾看法的注释,因而一样能够看出段意。例子的粗心为当局念建road,而群众念建light rail,而对照末人们的发起won。全部例子的趋向是正背的,且是群众的成功,由于谜底为ii. A successful exercise in people power.

  B段终句对后面的陈说停止了转机,依据转机后为重面的准则,此段终句应为主题句。”However, public infrastructure did not keep pace with urban sprawl, causing massive congestion problems which now make commuting times far higher.” Commuting time对应H中的travelling time, far higher对应increase,示意趋向的回升。以是谜底为vii. Increases in travelling time。

  C段前两句“There is a widespread belief that increasing wealth encourages people to live farther out where cars are the only viable transport. The example of European cities refutes that.”第一句道了广泛的看法,但接上去用欧洲乡村的例子停止了辩驳,因而谜底为iv。因而辩驳后应为本段主题。且例子中涌现了wealtheir和car等辞汇,对应iv选项中的income和car,且均为否认趋向,由于谜底为iv. Higher incomes need not mean more cars.

  D段第两句形貌了研讨效果 “It found that pushing everyone into the city centre was not the best approach. Instead, the proposal advocated the creation of urban villages at hundreds of sites, mostly around railway stations.”让大家皆来市中央并非个坏事情,且下一句肯定了那个主意,以是谜底为i. avoiding an overcrowded centre.

  E段第两句涌现转机,以是第一句肯定没有是本段主题句,以是肯定要经由过程转机词消除失落对照轻易被殽杂的带telecommunication的vi选项。而后经由过程“…it is valuable to place people working in related fields together…”中的valuable看出做者对此的立场为正里的,且主题为working together,由于对应对案为iii. The benefits of working together in cities.

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